Who Invented the Camera?

I was browsing the internet when I suddenly thought of the camera. It’s such a simple joy in our era – we have cameras in our phones, tablets and of coz, the cameras themselves. I have used so many cameras since I was in secondary school, learning to appreciate photography since young. I have very talented aunt who once owned a dark room to develop photos from films when she was young! That hard core! Unfortunately, none of her children share her enthusiasm. I wish I had the chance to check out her dark room before she renovated her house back then. I truly love all the shots she took of us when we were children. They are really memorable photos. Photos that made impact and leave deep impression over the years.

So, who invented this camera?? Such an awesome equipment. If camera is founded only now, he or she would be the most famous person in the world! A quick check on wikipedia and other write-ups.. and I came upon this chronology of how the camera is evolved… from discovery of light spectrums, exposures, chemical reactions, etc… it’s whole lot of science there, people!! So here’s the chronology of how the camera evolved.. be awed! And appreciate your cameras.. be it on the phone or the tablet, or just the camera itself!

Here is more of the camera’s complication history of invention:

5th-4th Centuries B.C.�Chinese and Greek philosophers describe the basic principles of optics and the camera.

1664-1666 Isaac Newton discovers that white light is composed of different colors.

1727 Johann Heinrich Schulze discovered that silver nitrate darkened upon exposure to light. 1794 First Panorama opens, the forerunner of the movie house invented by Robert Barker.

1814 Joseph Nic�phore Ni�pce achieves first photographic image with camera obscura – however, the image required eight hours of light exposure and later faded.

1837 Daguerre�s first daguerreotype – the first image that was fixed and did not fade and needed under thirty minutes of light exposure.

1840 First American patent issued in photography to Alexander Wolcott for his camera.

1841 William Henry Talbot patents the Calotype process – the first negative-positive process making possible the first multiple copies.

1843 First advertisement with a photograph made in Philadelphia.

1851 Frederick Scott Archer invented the Collodion process – images required only two or three seconds of light exposure.

1859 Panoramic camera patented – the Sutton.

1861 Oliver Wendell Holmes invents stereoscope viewer.

1865 Photographs and photographic negatives are added to protected works under copyright.

1871 Richard Leach Maddox invented the gelatin dry plate silver bromide process – negatives no longer had to be developed immediately.

1880 Eastman Dry Plate Company founded.

1884 Eastman invents flexible, paper-based photographic film.

1888 Eastman patents Kodak roll-film camera.

1898 Reverend Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film.

1900 First mass-marketed camera�the Browning.

1913/1914 First 35mm still camera developed.

1927 General Electric invents the modern flash bulb.

1932 First light meter with photoelectric cell introduced.

1935 Eastman Kodak markets Kodachrome film.

1941 Eastman Kodak introduces Kodacolor negative film.

1942 Chester Carlson receives patent for electric photography (xerography).

1948 Edwin Land markets the Polaroid camera.

1954 Eastman Kodak introduces high speed Tri-X film.

1960 EG&G develops extreme depth underwater camera for U.S. Navy.

1963 Polaroid introduces instant color film.

1968 Photograph of the Earth from the moon.

1973 Polaroid introduces one-step instant photography with the SX-70 camera.

1977 George Eastman and Edwin Land inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

1978 Konica introduces first point-and-shoot, autofocus camera.

1980 Sony demonstrates first consumer camcorder.

1984 Canon demonstrates first electronic still camera.

1985 Pixar introduces digital imaging processor.

1990 Eastman Kodak announces Photo CD as a digital image storage medium.

Source: Yahoo!

Renewal of Passport Malaysia

I finally dragged my lazy ass to the immigration today. I took a short notice leave since my boss is not in town. Been searching on another place to renew my passport as I was told, the Wangsa Maju branch is always packed now. Not sure if it’s because so many people went there after reading reviews on blogs.

Here’s a really good write up on the renewal of passport Malaysia by Ciki of CCfoodtravel. However, as of March 2014, there’s no need to take photographs anymore. It will be like applying for a new IC. Our photos would be taken on the spot! How nifty is that?

I read on when to avoid applying for passport and it was mentioned to avoid Mondays, Fridays, eve of Public Holidays and a day after Public Holidays and during school holidays. Since today is the eve of Wesak Day, I was apprehensive to go. But I’ve been having nightmares literally every night… dreams of not having valid passport to travel (I am traveling to Bandung this July) and also, immigration dept is closed down forever.. So, I guess I have to go today to avoid all the nonsense nightmares. Haha.

I arrived at the turning into KDN at 6.35 am and found a long stretch of cars lining up to go into the gate. I haven’t been to this place before so I drove up to check it out only to find that, there were so many cars stopping in front of me, so I shouldn’t be cutting queue and double parked my car. So, I took a U Turn from the Istana at the end of the road to go back to the line behind all the cars. I asked an immigration officer on a motorbike what time the gate would open, he politely told me 7.00 am and told me to queue up.

Since I was wee early, I just sat in the car, enjoying the air conditioning and praying really hard that nobody would come and hit my car on the back.. since I was already at the junction of the very long “car” queue! So I put on double signal to alert passing cars that I am stopping at the edge of the junction.

Thankfully, at 6.50 am, they opened the gates for us. We just followed and tailed the cars to go inside the main complex. It was a good thing that Ciki took photo of the building so I could identify the building. I parked right in front of the building. As I was parking, I could see people literally RUNNING to the main building! It felt like a movie – some disaster movie or some kind of Hunger Games going on. Haha.

So, I also ran like the rest.. more like took hurried steps into the building. I knew the immigration dept is on 1st floor so I went straight to 1st floor. I was shocked to see the beeline of people and cursed myself silently for not taking advice on the internet seriously on not to go on Monday! A girl in front of me asked a lady if the line was to apply for passport. The lady said no and told us to go downstairs. So I followed the girl downstairs. Mana tau… we bumped into two other ladies who also asked around where to go to renew passport and was told to go up to first floor again!

We followed the two other ladies to go upstairs. True enough. We should go to the other office right opposite the beeline of people! Am so glad that it was still empty! There were only a handful of people as opposed to the beeline of people who are there to renew their foreign workers visa!

So people, at the escalator from the main door, just go up first floor and turn left. You will get to the immigration door!

I waited there with others, lining up when a gentleman and a lady came to line up behind me. They asked if they should get photographs after taking number or would they need a photocopy of IC? Is there any forms required? I told them, you don’t need such things anymore. You only need:-

1. Your IC.

2. Your old passport.

3. RM300 cash (for 5 years and RM100 for 2 years).

Thanks, Ciki!! It’s good to come prepared!

So we chatted while in the line till we get our respective numbers. I got number 1006! Way to go! Number 6!

By the time we got our numbers and seated, it was already 7.41 am. I think the office opened a little late today. There weren’t many officers working as I guess they probably took the day off as well to get a long, extended weekend till tomorrow! So I prayed that this won’t hampered the flow of the service.

I got all things done by 8.03 am – Get ready your passport, your queue number, your IC and the officer would processed your application. NO NEED to fill up any forms. They used your passport and IC to verify your identity, get your both thumbprints and then, automatically, they printed out the application forms with your photo on your IC together with a new photo taken with an attached camera at the counter! One downside though… you will guarantee looking like crap! I think 9/10 of my friends complained about their new passport photographs. Haha!

Please note to wear dark colored clothes – since the background would be white. Those wearing head scarves and tudungs, should be wearing darker colored ones as well. They provided a dark colored tudungs for you if you are not prepared. They even have a mirror at their desk for you to check out your hair or for you to freshen up! Haha!

And then, the payment counter was opened and numbers were called rather swiftly to pay. After payment, they would return your IC to you and told you to come back in a hour’s time to collect your passport. So, I went to the cafeteria with my new friends and had a good chat about travels, cultures and traditions. It was quite a good thing to learn from others. How time flies. In about 40 minutes, we decided to go back to check on our passports. Indeed, I managed to collect my passport by 9.10 am!

All in all, it was indeed a good experience today at KDN Hartamas. The parking was rather full today. So I guess it’s true that many people would come on a Monday… so if you want to get your passport faster than me – perhaps you can try to go on non peak seasons like middle of the week or after school holidays! Good luck!

For more read up on terms and conditions, you can check out this website.

Langkawi Island

We decided to go on an impromptu trip to Langkawi after we had yearly dim sum session at Mandarin Oriental in December. We went there 11 years ago! In fact, this was the first time I flew from Langkawi to KL! Thanks to AirAsia! We took the 8-hours back breaking bus rides to Kuala Muda, Kedah to catch a ferry to the island. This was where I slapped a man’s head really hard as I mistaken him for the girls. They were sitting in front of me in the ferry before I dozed off and decided to change their seats after the air conditioner above them was leaking. Yes! It was a hilarious moment and till today, the girls are laughing at me!

These bunch of girls were my main hang when I first started working. I was poor because I just started working and didn’t have much money to spend, so we usually would go on local weekend getaways. I am blessed to have known these girls. They are truly good friends I met from work.

I actually wrote a long post earlier in my gmail but couldn’t seem to locate it! So, this shall be a short post.

Just a few pointers on what to do in Langkawi.

1. We stayed in Resorts World Langkawi at Tanjung Malai. It doesn’t have its own beach but close enough to the waters to have nice view of the sea and a small jetty, for island hopping purposes.

DSC_8804aResorts World Langkawi

2. Resorts World Langkawi has a special package – Chillax package at RM296nett per person for 3D2N stay (Garden view), and comes with 3 options of freebies – RM100 dining voucher at Yellow Cafe/Sagar restaurant/The Cliff or island drop at Beras Basah Island with packed lunch (towel provided as well) or free flow drinks throughout your stay at the hotel (alcoholic and non alcoholic). We decided to choose the dining voucher at the Cliff, which the reception graciously assist us to make a booking for us for dinner and the island drop the next day! Value for money! This package is valid till end of this year.

DSC_8872aBeras Basah Island

3. Since we have been to most places in Langkawi during our first trip 11 years ago, we decided to skip Mahsuri’s tomb and Burnt Rice area (which to me are nothing much to see). This time round we wanted to go to the expansion bridge and cable car but unfortunately, I heard it has been closed for 22 months! A quick check on the internet though – it seemed somebody went there 2 weeks before us. Ah well.. forget it! Places of interests normally closed by 6 pm so be early if you want to visit places of interests.

4. Since it was off peak season this time, we managed to rent a Suzuki SX4 at Rm150 for 3 days. MyVi was priced at Rm140 for 3 days. You can get your cars at the arrival hall before going out of the airport.

DSC_8922aBlack Sand Beach/Pantai Pasir Hitam

DSC_8932aPantai Pasir Hitam

5. I really like the Black Sand Beach. I wish I had more time to lurk around snap photos here. It seems, when it rains, you will get to see the black sand. Otherwise, Langkawi was in a hot spell like KL the past one month and there wasn’t much black sand. We were lucky because it rained the two days when we were there.. so we managed to have a closer look at the black sand beach! The old jetty at the end of the shore has character and good for photo-op. This is where you buy fresh ikan bilis (anchovies) from the sea. Apparently, the fishermen would get a bulk of ikan bilis from the sea, placed them in a hot steamer in their fishing boats to cook them. When they arrived at the shore, the ikan bilis would be placed in oven to dry them up. You can either purchase ungutted ikan bilis without cleaning or if you have no time – you can purchase a pack of gutted ikan bilis  at higher price.

6. Langkawi Saga Shopping centre sells the cheapest chocolates!

7. We were introduced to myriads of beer brands from all over the world and spoil for choice! We ended buying Pelican vodka, Corona, Hoegaarden and Chang beer. Also, we bought some Taiwanese fruity beers which are rather good as well – lychee and grape flavor!

DSC_8864aGrilled seafood platter

8. Most restaurants we went didn’t serve really good food. Probably we have too high anticipation. The only place that did not disappoint us is the Cliff. The grilled seafood platter is really delicious! Also, our hotel serves really good spread of breakfast as well! And I simply love the packed lunch of turkey ham sandwich and grilled drummets for our island escapade! Not to mention the first lunch we had when we landed. We had some nasi goreng ayam paprik, mee goreng, mee bandung and nasi goreng kampong at Bella Restaurant along Cenang road.

9. Langkawi has changed so much since. It was a rather dead place with basically nothing much to eat but now, there’s plenty of shops along the busy Pantai Cenang road. It looked like Phuket really – with less crowd, cars and of course, dingy massage parlour!

DSC_8846aView from the Cliff restaurant

10. I wish I could spend more time on the beach! Other than Beras Basah Island, there’s actually a small stretch of beach right at the junction from Resorts World Langkawi before turning into Pantai Cenang road. We managed to take a look at it on the last day of our stay. Unfortunately, it was too hot to even get out from the car, so we simply stare at the beach in our air conditioned car! Haha!

11. There’s a new hang out place named Harbour Port, near Pantai Kok. The place is rather dead too… but there’s the famous bakery there – The Loaf where they also served food like pastas and sandwiches.

DSC_8993Idyllic life at Kuala Cenang

12. We chanced upon Tubotel hotel along Kuala Cenang during our aimless driving before going to the airport. I think it was a rather unique hotel, despite the rather secluded place! The water there is crystal clear! I don’t think I would stay here as I couldn’t stand the heat! I think it’s a place for young people to mingle.. and am too old for this!

Online Shopping


Recent purchase! Yoda and Darth Vader flash drives!

I’ve been purchasing plenty of things from online that I guess, I should keep my credit card in the freezer like Becky Bloomwood did in “Confession of a Shopaholic”. The thing is, even if I were to freeze my credit card into a block of ice, all I need for online shopping is my credit card number and the CVV code.. and I am good to go! So, it won’t work! Help!

I remember writing a paper on online shopping some years ago for college on online shopping. 10 years ago, I didn’t believe it would materialize. Further, I wouldn’t bring myself to buy anything online. Even though I don’t really like shopping in general, I still think there’s a need to go to the shopping all, look at the thing physically before considering to purchase the item.

That was 10 years ago. Who would have thought, online shopping would be an in-thing now. I have so far bought bags, baby clothes, soaps, tech stuffs, t-shirts, shoes from online. Then, came all the discount websites. Everybody just hop onto the bandwagon and started the buying frenzy. I’ve seen a few blogs lamenting on spending unnecessarily and some even ended not going to the restaurants which they have purchased vouchers due to time constraints. Some restaurants needed a few days in advance to book a place, just to eat the food. I find it simply annoying. I did bought groupon for scones once because I was really craving for scones. The restaurant needed two days advance booking, which I did promptly. The thing is, when I was there, there weren’t anybody in the restaurant except for us! Since the food was not bad, I decided to go again, and pay full price to try other food on the menu. It was utterly disappointing!

I also have friends who gave me last minute Photobook vouchers because they couldn’t finish making a book on time! I am blessed actually! LOL! Another friend of mine, ended printing the same two books because lack of time and they actually submitted their photobook on the last day of the valid date! One for themselves, and one for their in laws. Haha.

After I had a few encounters with some not so good restaurants, I decided not to buy anymore and delisted all auto mailing lists. Now, I would only purchase Photobooks and maybe, thumb drives. I have also stopped buying t shirts from Threadless because the quality of the cloth is getting worse. So far, I think I’ve bought no less than 20 t shirts from Threadless. There are also some shopping websites which didn’t send things that you have bought. In our time now, info and knowledge are all within our finger tips and just a few taps away. Before you buy things online from a website, do a thorough background check. Facebook is actually a good place to start – that’s where you get all the dissatisfied customers complaining on the wall of the said vendor! Some comments and complaints were rather alarming but, thankfully, I managed to get what I bought after I call them up before the expiry date of my voucher. I guess I was one of the luckier ones. So, I stopped buying from those websites which have integrity issues. Those in my facebook list would have known how I whined and complained about these websites. Haha!

Since I’ve become a “hermit” (I simply dislike going to the shopping malls, caught in a jam, then further jam in the parking lots, risked being mugged or robbed), I feel online shopping probably could give me the retail therapy I needed from time to time without stepping out from my house! The downside is, sometimes, certain things are not as good looking as they could be in photographs, so you have to really know what you are getting yourself into, before keying in your credit card numbers!

Little Town Called Tawau

I was thinking I should write a little about Tawau, eventhough we just spent a day here. I was lucky because I have an ex colleague working in Tawau, eventhough he doesn’t remember me. Hahaha! So, I just sent him a message to ask for tips on how to go about Tawau and he just offered to take us around when we decided to drop by!

After a great relaxing trip in Sipadan Water Village, we put up a night at MB Hotel in Tawau. After resting for a bit, my friend came to pick us up. He took us to Good View Restaurant. I reserved my comments on Good View because, I remember I read in blogs that this place actually ain’t cheap at all. But since he will be buying, I let him choose the place lah. Haha!

He has been working here for the past 3 years, so he basically knew where is best to go. He usually takes his clients and friends here, so he chose Good View over Kam Ling. Both restaurants served equally good and fresh seafood – so take your pick!

We let him did all the ordering since he’s familiar and here were some of the dishes.

Steamed fresh prawns

Steamed flower crabs

Steamed 7 star garoupa


Seaweed kerabu

Also, we had avocado juice! It proven to be a good choice because it wasn’t sweet or too creamy as I thought it would be. It was soothing.. like liquid yogurt. I was surprised to find that, Tawau actually grows Avocado commercially. We didn’t buy any back because, it wasn’t the season so, the avocado that we had, might be imported from Indonesia – according to my friend lah. If he bullshit me also, I won’t know! Haha!

It was indeed a good dinner, totally fresh seafood. And we had the 7 star steamed garoupa – it seems, this type of coral fish can only be found in Sabah, hence the cheaper price as opposed to eating in back in West Malaysia.

The next day, he took us to the wet market in Sin On. He briefed us a little on history of Tawau. We would have thought it was the Chinese who came and made the place economically prosperous but we were wrong. It was the Japanese. I read on Wikipedia, it was said that – the Japanese were in the fishing business, canning and exported the manufactured goods back to Japan, so he was right in a way. He told me, they were in seaweed business. Hence, there were some roads like Kuhara and Kubota named after the Japanese. After World War II, the Japanese lost to the Allies, the rule of any war is that, if your country lost the war, you have to uproot yourselves from the colony and return to your own country. So, dozens of Japanese had to forsake whatever they had painstakingly build in Tawau and return to Japan. See, you gain nothing in wars, only more destitution.

Coral fishes

Pasar Sin On

During the short visit to Sin On market, we got ourselves some coral fishes, lobsters and sea cucumber. Sea cucumber went as cheap as RM50 per kg, lobsters, Rm70 per kg, coral fishes ranging from RM50 to Rm90 per kg. So, my friends were right when I asked for things to do in Tawau – everybody actually ask me to buy seafood! That is why I saw many people bringing their own ice box on the plane! It is not allowed to check in your seafood, so be prepared to hand carry them. On our way back to KL, we saw many people carrying ice boxes!

Pork noodles

Then, our friend took us to this shop selling pork noodles. For the life of me, I cannot remember the place name! Haha! But the pork noodles is good. I regretted for not asking for intestines and pork balls, just meat. The pork balls are crunchy and they stuffed some fried squids inside made it all chewy!

After breakfast, my friend has to get back to work, so he dropped us at our hotel. Since he had a flight at 1 pm later that day, we bid him good bye and went loitering around Tawau on our own. It was nice to walk to the jetty to see the things going on. It was funny to see how the islanders roll the gas tanks to the jetty to be transported to other islands and also Kalimantan! Our friend advised us to be careful when walking around town because there have been many cases of robbery,well, doesn’t make any difference walking in KL then? So, we just be extra alert and careful.

We had a huge lunch at this place nearby our hotel called Kedai Kim Kim. Here, they served variety of tongshui and leong char! My favorite red bean soup was good! So was Jasmine’s bubur cha cha. You should try the herbal chicken with rice. I overheard many people ordering salted chicken, so I guess you could try to order that too! We also tried the siew mai and pai kuat. Well, it was mediocre but it does make you feel like you are eating at home.

Siew Mai & Pai Kuat

Red bean soup

View of Tawau waterfront

Old shoplot

We went for last minute shopping for dried seafood – shrimps and prawn/fish crackers called amplang. It was delicious! I think if we had planned properly earlier, then we would have bought even more things! We stopped by Wukka Cafe for tea break before heading back to our hotel, to get to the airport.

There isn’t much to do here in Tawau, but seafood is rather fresh and cheap! And sea produce are cheap too!

For other photos, click here!