Who Invented the Camera?

I was browsing the internet when I suddenly thought of the camera. It’s such a simple joy in our era – we have cameras in our phones, tablets and of coz, the cameras themselves. I have used so many cameras since I was in secondary school, learning to appreciate photography since young. I have very talented aunt who once owned a dark room to develop photos from films when she was young! That hard core! Unfortunately, none of her children share her enthusiasm. I wish I had the chance to check out her dark room before she renovated her house back then. I truly love all the shots she took of us when we were children. They are really memorable photos. Photos that made impact and leave deep impression over the years.

So, who invented this camera?? Such an awesome equipment. If camera is founded only now, he or she would be the most famous person in the world! A quick check on wikipedia and other write-ups.. and I came upon this chronology of how the camera is evolved… from discovery of light spectrums, exposures, chemical reactions, etc… it’s whole lot of science there, people!! So here’s the chronology of how the camera evolved.. be awed! And appreciate your cameras.. be it on the phone or the tablet, or just the camera itself!

Here is more of the camera’s complication history of invention:

5th-4th Centuries B.C.�Chinese and Greek philosophers describe the basic principles of optics and the camera.

1664-1666 Isaac Newton discovers that white light is composed of different colors.

1727 Johann Heinrich Schulze discovered that silver nitrate darkened upon exposure to light. 1794 First Panorama opens, the forerunner of the movie house invented by Robert Barker.

1814 Joseph Nic�phore Ni�pce achieves first photographic image with camera obscura – however, the image required eight hours of light exposure and later faded.

1837 Daguerre�s first daguerreotype – the first image that was fixed and did not fade and needed under thirty minutes of light exposure.

1840 First American patent issued in photography to Alexander Wolcott for his camera.

1841 William Henry Talbot patents the Calotype process – the first negative-positive process making possible the first multiple copies.

1843 First advertisement with a photograph made in Philadelphia.

1851 Frederick Scott Archer invented the Collodion process – images required only two or three seconds of light exposure.

1859 Panoramic camera patented – the Sutton.

1861 Oliver Wendell Holmes invents stereoscope viewer.

1865 Photographs and photographic negatives are added to protected works under copyright.

1871 Richard Leach Maddox invented the gelatin dry plate silver bromide process – negatives no longer had to be developed immediately.

1880 Eastman Dry Plate Company founded.

1884 Eastman invents flexible, paper-based photographic film.

1888 Eastman patents Kodak roll-film camera.

1898 Reverend Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film.

1900 First mass-marketed camera�the Browning.

1913/1914 First 35mm still camera developed.

1927 General Electric invents the modern flash bulb.

1932 First light meter with photoelectric cell introduced.

1935 Eastman Kodak markets Kodachrome film.

1941 Eastman Kodak introduces Kodacolor negative film.

1942 Chester Carlson receives patent for electric photography (xerography).

1948 Edwin Land markets the Polaroid camera.

1954 Eastman Kodak introduces high speed Tri-X film.

1960 EG&G develops extreme depth underwater camera for U.S. Navy.

1963 Polaroid introduces instant color film.

1968 Photograph of the Earth from the moon.

1973 Polaroid introduces one-step instant photography with the SX-70 camera.

1977 George Eastman and Edwin Land inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

1978 Konica introduces first point-and-shoot, autofocus camera.

1980 Sony demonstrates first consumer camcorder.

1984 Canon demonstrates first electronic still camera.

1985 Pixar introduces digital imaging processor.

1990 Eastman Kodak announces Photo CD as a digital image storage medium.

Source: Yahoo!

Renewal of Passport Malaysia

I finally dragged my lazy ass to the immigration today. I took a short notice leave since my boss is not in town. Been searching on another place to renew my passport as I was told, the Wangsa Maju branch is always packed now. Not sure if it’s because so many people went there after reading reviews on blogs.

Here’s a really good write up on the renewal of passport Malaysia by Ciki of CCfoodtravel. However, as of March 2014, there’s no need to take photographs anymore. It will be like applying for a new IC. Our photos would be taken on the spot! How nifty is that?

I read on when to avoid applying for passport and it was mentioned to avoid Mondays, Fridays, eve of Public Holidays and a day after Public Holidays and during school holidays. Since today is the eve of Wesak Day, I was apprehensive to go. But I’ve been having nightmares literally every night… dreams of not having valid passport to travel (I am traveling to Bandung this July) and also, immigration dept is closed down forever.. So, I guess I have to go today to avoid all the nonsense nightmares. Haha.

I arrived at the turning into KDN at 6.35 am and found a long stretch of cars lining up to go into the gate. I haven’t been to this place before so I drove up to check it out only to find that, there were so many cars stopping in front of me, so I shouldn’t be cutting queue and double parked my car. So, I took a U Turn from the Istana at the end of the road to go back to the line behind all the cars. I asked an immigration officer on a motorbike what time the gate would open, he politely told me 7.00 am and told me to queue up.

Since I was wee early, I just sat in the car, enjoying the air conditioning and praying really hard that nobody would come and hit my car on the back.. since I was already at the junction of the very long “car” queue! So I put on double signal to alert passing cars that I am stopping at the edge of the junction.

Thankfully, at 6.50 am, they opened the gates for us. We just followed and tailed the cars to go inside the main complex. It was a good thing that Ciki took photo of the building so I could identify the building. I parked right in front of the building. As I was parking, I could see people literally RUNNING to the main building! It felt like a movie – some disaster movie or some kind of Hunger Games going on. Haha.

So, I also ran like the rest.. more like took hurried steps into the building. I knew the immigration dept is on 1st floor so I went straight to 1st floor. I was shocked to see the beeline of people and cursed myself silently for not taking advice on the internet seriously on not to go on Monday! A girl in front of me asked a lady if the line was to apply for passport. The lady said no and told us to go downstairs. So I followed the girl downstairs. Mana tau… we bumped into two other ladies who also asked around where to go to renew passport and was told to go up to first floor again!

We followed the two other ladies to go upstairs. True enough. We should go to the other office right opposite the beeline of people! Am so glad that it was still empty! There were only a handful of people as opposed to the beeline of people who are there to renew their foreign workers visa!

So people, at the escalator from the main door, just go up first floor and turn left. You will get to the immigration door!

I waited there with others, lining up when a gentleman and a lady came to line up behind me. They asked if they should get photographs after taking number or would they need a photocopy of IC? Is there any forms required? I told them, you don’t need such things anymore. You only need:-

1. Your IC.

2. Your old passport.

3. RM300 cash (for 5 years and RM100 for 2 years).

Thanks, Ciki!! It’s good to come prepared!

So we chatted while in the line till we get our respective numbers. I got number 1006! Way to go! Number 6!

By the time we got our numbers and seated, it was already 7.41 am. I think the office opened a little late today. There weren’t many officers working as I guess they probably took the day off as well to get a long, extended weekend till tomorrow! So I prayed that this won’t hampered the flow of the service.

I got all things done by 8.03 am – Get ready your passport, your queue number, your IC and the officer would processed your application. NO NEED to fill up any forms. They used your passport and IC to verify your identity, get your both thumbprints and then, automatically, they printed out the application forms with your photo on your IC together with a new photo taken with an attached camera at the counter! One downside though… you will guarantee looking like crap! I think 9/10 of my friends complained about their new passport photographs. Haha!

Please note to wear dark colored clothes – since the background would be white. Those wearing head scarves and tudungs, should be wearing darker colored ones as well. They provided a dark colored tudungs for you if you are not prepared. They even have a mirror at their desk for you to check out your hair or for you to freshen up! Haha!

And then, the payment counter was opened and numbers were called rather swiftly to pay. After payment, they would return your IC to you and told you to come back in a hour’s time to collect your passport. So, I went to the cafeteria with my new friends and had a good chat about travels, cultures and traditions. It was quite a good thing to learn from others. How time flies. In about 40 minutes, we decided to go back to check on our passports. Indeed, I managed to collect my passport by 9.10 am!

All in all, it was indeed a good experience today at KDN Hartamas. The parking was rather full today. So I guess it’s true that many people would come on a Monday… so if you want to get your passport faster than me – perhaps you can try to go on non peak seasons like middle of the week or after school holidays! Good luck!

For more read up on terms and conditions, you can check out this website.

Little God

I was having a conversation with Ern Ern, my soon to be 4-year old niece. She was mumbling about fresh air so I asked her who created fresh air. I expected the answer “God” as we sometimes would tell her the theory of Creation from the Bible.

I got an unexpected answer from the little one.

She said, “Me lah!”

I asked her again how she created fresh air? She doesn’t have anything to create fresh air. I said to her, “Your fart is not considered fresh air ok??!!”

She thought of it a little and then said, “No… I pee pee on the plants.”

I got more amused and asked her, “We are talking about fresh air. What does it gotta do with your pee pee?”

Then she said as-a-matter-of-factly, “I pee pee on the plants. The plants grow and give fresh air.”

I was stunned by her answer. We have a little God in our house.

Basic Customer Service

I was at the clinic yesterday for my routine high blood pressure check ups. I went during lunch time after a short lunch, so I could go back to office in time to clock in for second half of the day.

Arrived at the clinic around 1.35 pm so I was thinking, I probably could make it on time back to office. When it was my turn, I quickly got over with it and finished consulting the doctor by 1.55 pm.

When I went out to get my prescription, I saw the nurses closing down the main door of the clinic, supposedly closing for the day till they reopen at 6 pm.

There was a new nurse in the clinic so, the lady boss (who is the doctor’s wife) is briefing the new girl before she’s off for the day. I stared at the new nurse and she saw me looking at her so she asked the lady boss to give me my prescription first. The lady boss can brief her later.. but no.. the lady boss kept on talking to her as if I were invisible.

A few minutes later, came an elderly patient into the clinic and asked if the clinic still could see one more person. The lady boss didn’t appear to hear her so I asked the lady boss loudly if the doctor could see another patient. Then lady boss merely grunted yes. So I helped the elderly lady to write down her name. So I handed the name to the lady boss and she appeared disinterested.

Then, the elderly lady – being old and fussy, kept repeating her question if she should wait for the doctor. The lady boss just ignored her. I told the elderly lady to have a seat while waiting – a customer directing another customer to sit down.

By the time I got back to office, it was already 2.34 pm.. and it took me only 5 minutes to drive to office from the clinic.. so imagine how long I was made standing at the prescription counter, with a hunch back old lady repeating questions and being ignored.

That moment, I’ve made up my mind not to patronize this clinic anymore for prescription. I have pharmacist friends and other alternatives to get drugs, even if I don’t get to claim my medical expenses from my office. I feel there’s no point giving business to this clinic if they don’t even have basic customer service. I really like the doctor. He’s a nice man but his wife is a real BITCH!

Scars Have Stories

I repainted my car last month. The paint on its bonnet has started to “flake” and fade. It’s due to the accident many years ago, so it was not an original bonnet. Actually, I don’t really care about the esthetics of my car.. just as I don’t really bother how I look like. Haha. Ok, I am quite bothered on how I look like but then, I don’t have the discipline and will power to do something about it. There you have it.. honest answer.

Ok.. back to my car. I accidentally scratch the back of my car when I was backing it out one night, on a rainy November 2003. I still remember the incident vividly. That time, my car was still new. I think I had it less than 4 months into my new job – which I hated.. the job, not the car.

My mom woke me up around 1 am and told me, “Your grandma is dead. She passed away just now”. I thought it was a dream. I quickly got up, went into the room with my mom and saw a motionless body on my bed. My late grandma was visiting and she was sleeping in my room with my cousin sister because she couldn’t tolerate the air conditioned room in the master bedroom.

I went downstairs to call the ambulance. 5 minutes later, we received a call from from an undertaker asking us if we would like his funeral services. I declined politely and was in shock how did these people get my number so fast???

After I called the ambulance, I went to back my car out in order for the ambulance to get into my car porch. With my new sets of driving skills and driving out after being woken up from my sleep… in disbelief that my grandma is gone.. I scratched the right side of my car on the gate. It left quite a significant size of hole at the back of my car. I was annoyed but i was hoping the paramedics in the ambulance would revived my lifeless grandmother.

Unfortunately, they came and certified the time of death. There was a loud wailing in the house. My uncle helped to carry my grandmother down while sobbing loudly. This was probably the first and only time, I saw him cried. We made necessary phone calls to the parents of the children we baby sat to take them home while we make preparations for my grandma’s funeral.

After busy preparing for my grandma’s funeral and returning to the job which I loathed… I don’t have time to patch the hole up. It soon became a fixture on my car. If there’s a row of silver colored Kenari on the parking lot, with the plat numbers removed, that would be the identification for my car.

So, last month, I sent my car for a fresh coat of sparkling silver paint. The “scar” on my car is gone. But rest assured, the memories of my late grandmother will forever remained in my heart.